Everton Pereira Andrade, Samuel Brum Martins, Eduardo Policarpo, Subodh Gautam, Olivier Plantevin, Luciano Roni Silva Lara, Humberto Stumpf, Gustavo Azevedo, Mário Sérgio Mazzoni, Luiz Alberto Cury, Angelo Malachias, Walace Doti do Pim, and Gustavo Almeida Magalhaes de Safar. 2020. “All-perylene-derivative white light emitting diode.” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., Pp. -. Publisher's VersionAbstract
An organic-based bright white light emitting compound, namely Tb(H3PTC)3, able to be used as part of a white diode and as a part of a RGB system that can withstand high temperatures (∼700K), is developed using perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA) and terbium(III) nitrate pentahydrate as precursors in its hydrothermal synthesis. Using PTCDA as the red emitter and the new derivative of it, Tb(H3PTC)3, as the blue-green emitter, along with a common deep blue LED can form a RGB system for display technologies, around room temperature. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence properties of the Tb(H3PTC)3 compound are also investigated for the involved excitonic-emission processes and the respective recombination lifetimes. The terbium(III) complex was prepared using a procedure that is reproducible, easily modifiable, inexpensive, and environmentally friendly, opening new pathways for its large-scale application. Unlike PTCDA, Tb(H3PTC)3 has shown to be soluble in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) as well as in dilute aqueous solution of this organic solvent in a straightforward procedure. The light emission properties are intimately correlated with the molecular structure and electronic properties of Tb(H3PTC)3 elucidated by experimental results of X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES), Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) and Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations. A bright fluorescence yield is attained with a small amount of material either in solution or in solid form showing its potential to be used in state-of-the-art organic optoelectronic devices.
Aniely Reis dos Teixeira, Róbson Ricardo Teixeira, Iara Mariana Lellis Ribeiro, Wagner Luiz Pereira, Taise Matte Manhabosco, Ana Carolina Ferreira de Brito, Laser Antônio Machado Oliveira, Katiane de Oliveira, and Pinto Coelho Nogueira. 2020. “Association of electroanalytical and spectrophotometric methods to evaluate the antioxidant activity of isobenzofuranone in primary cultures of hippocampal neurons.” Toxicology in Vitro, Pp. 104970. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The isobenzofuran-1(3H)-ones (phthalides) exhibit various biological activities, including antioxidant activity on reactive oxygen species (ROS). An excess of ROS that cannot be naturally contained by cellular enzymatic systems is called redox imbalance, which damage cell membranes, proteins, and DNA, thereby possibly triggering neuronal death in several neurodegenerative diseases. Considering our ongoing efforts to find useful compounds to control redox imbalance, herein we evaluated the antioxidant activity of two phtalides (compounds 3 and 4), using primary cultures of hippocampal neurons. Spectrophotometric assays showed that compound 3 significantly reduced (p ≤ 0.05) ROS levels and lipid peroxidation compared to the control treatment, while compound 4 was unable at any of the tested concentrations. Despite their structural similarity, these compounds behave differently in the intracellular environment, which was reliably corroborated by the determination of oxidation potentials via cyclic voltammetry. It was demonstrated that compound 3 presents a lower oxidation potential. The combination of the mentioned methods allowed us to find a strong correlation between the chemical structure of compounds and their biological effects. Taking together, the results indicate that compound 3 presents desirable characteristics to act as a candidate pharmacological agent for use in the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.
Adriano CorrÃ\textordfemeninea Batista, Amanda Maia Aguiar, Hellen Cristine Prata de Oliveira, and Paulo Santos Assis. 2020. “CaracterizaÃ\SÃ\poundso da matÃ\copyrightria-prima com tamanho de partÃ\-culas nanomÃ\copyrighttricas utilizadas no processamento do compÃ\textthreesuperiorsito WC-10%Co.” MatÃ\copyrightria (Rio de Janeiro), 25. Publisher's Version
Fabiano M. Niquini, Juan C. Tenorio, Maria F.G.F. [da Silva], Alan B. Ribeiro, Adilson Wanderley, Javier Ellena, and Rodrigo S. Corrêa. 2020. “On the conformation, molecular interactions and electron density of a natural flavonoid derivative.” Journal of Molecular Structure, Pp. 128632. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The molecular structure of limonianin (1), a natural compound isolated from the root of Citrus limonia, was determined by X-ray diffraction. The structure of 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c with one molecule per asymmetric unit. The compound has four six-membered rings: two benzenoid and one γ-pyrone ring in a planar conformation, and one chromene ring presenting a half-boat conformation. Also, the molecule shows a pseudo-six-membered ring by resonance assisted hydrogen bond (RAHB). The molecular self-assembly of limonianin is stabilized by intra and intermolecular hydrogen bonding, which were assessed by Hirshfeld surfaces and two-dimensional fingerprint plots. Moreover, a detailed study of the molecular electron density and its corresponding topology and charge distribution based on the quantum theory of atom in molecules (QTAIM) was also one of the main aims of this work. Different methodologies were used to model the electron density distribution in limonianin molecule. The RAHB effect relating the crystal structure with its electron density analysis is discussed in detail. Therefore, this report contributes to the better understanding of the structural behavior of a flavonoid derivative, suggesting suitable methodologies to explore the electron density distribution, even in the absence of high-resolution experimental data.
Ananias B Alencar, Alan de Oliveira, and Helio Chacham. 2020. “Crystal reorientation and plastic deformation of single-layer MoS2 and MoSe2 under uniaxial stress.” Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. Publisher's VersionAbstract
We investigate theoretically, through of first-principles calculations, the effect of the application of large in-plane uniaxial stress on single-layer of MoS2, MoSe2, and MoSSe alloys. For stress applied along the zigzag direction, we predict an anomalous behavior near the point fracture. This behavior is characterized by the reorientation of the MoS2 structure along the applied stress from zigzag to armchair due to the formation of transient square-lattice regions in the crystal, with an apparent (although not real) crystal rotation of 30 degrees. After reorientation, a large plastic deformation √3-1 remains after the stress is removed. This behavior is also observed in MoSe2 and in MoSSe alloys. This phenomenon is observed both in stress-constrained geometry optimizations and in ab initio molecular dynamics simulations at finite temperature and applied stress.
MO Diniz, RS Coelho, RF Bianchi, and EM Guerra. 2020. “Electrical Impedance of V 2 O 5/POMA Hybrid Film Deposited by Casting for Application in Ammonia Gas Sensor.” Journal of Electronic Materials, Pp. 1–6.
Carlos Frederico Campos de Assis, Elisângela Martins Leal, Paulo Santos Assis, Leandro Miranda Nascimento, Hirokazu Konishi, and Tateo Usui. 2020. “Experimental analysis of injecting different blends of biomass materials and charcoal in a blast furnace.” Ironmaking & Steelmaking, 47, 3, Pp. 284-289. Publisher's Version
Wanessa Aparecida Silveira da Almeida, Lucas Resende Dutra Sousa, Amanda dos Santos Antunes, Amanda Scofield de Azevedo, Andréa Mendes do Nascimento, Tatiane Roquete Amparo, Gustavo Henrique Bianco de Souza, Orlando David Henrique dos Santos, Ã?ngela Leão Andrade, Thiago Cazati, Paula Melo de Abreu Vieira, Paula Carolina Pires Bueno, and Viviane Martins Rebello dos Santos. 2020. “Green Propolis: In Vitro Photoprotective and Photostability Studies of Single and Incorporated Extracts in a Sunscreen Formulation.” Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Propolis is a natural, non-toxic resin produced by honey bees that has been used for hundreds of years for its biological activities, such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anesthetic, cytostatic, and cariostatic properties. Currently, it is used in food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries. The aim of this work was to evaluate the antioxidant activity, sun protection factor, and photostability of different hydroalcoholic extracts of green propolis. All extracts prepared presented high absorption in the UVB region. The extract of 70% green propolis (high temperature) was incorporated into Gel Permulen TR-1. This new formulation presented a higher value of sun protection factor. Besides that, the formulation developed with Gel Permulen TR-1 and the hydroalcoholic extract of 70% green propolis (high temperature) showed good photostability and it was safe to be applied on the skin according the HET-CAM test. These results indicated the potential of hydroalcoholic extracts of 70% green propolis (high temperature) for use in sunscreen.
Luiz G. Pimenta Martins, Diego L. Silva, Jesse S. Smith, Ang-Yu Lu, Cong Su, Marek Hempel, Connor Occhialini, Xiang Ji, Ricardo Pablo, Rafael S. Alencar, Alan C.R. Souza, Alysson A. Pinto, Alan B. de Oliveira, Ronaldo J. C. Batista, Tomás Palacios, Mário S. C. Mazzoni, Matheus J. S. Matos, Riccardo Comin, Jing Kong, and Luiz G. Cançado. 2020. “Hard, transparent, sp3-containing 2D phase formed from few-layer graphene under compression.” Carbon. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Despite several theoretically proposed two-dimensional (2D) diamond structures, experimental efforts to obtain such structures are in initial stage. Recent high-pressure experiments provided significant advancements in the field, however, expected properties of a 2D-like diamond such as sp3 content, transparency and hardness, have not been observed together in a compressed graphene system. Here, we compress few-layer graphene samples on SiO2/Si substrate in water and provide experimental evidence for the formation of a quenchable hard, transparent, sp3-containing 2D phase. Our Raman spectroscopy data indicates phase transition and a surprisingly similar critical pressure for two-, five-layer graphene and graphite in the 4-6 GPa range, as evidenced by changes in several Raman features, combined with a lack of evidence of significant pressure gradients or local non-hydrostatic stress components of the pressure medium up to ≈ 8 GPa. The new phase is transparent and hard, as evidenced from indentation marks on the SiO2 substrate, a material considerably harder than graphene systems. Furthermore, we report the lowest critical pressure (≈ 4 GPa) in graphite, which we attribute to the role of water in facilitating the phase transition. Theoretical calculations and experimental data indicate a novel, surface-to-bulk phase transition mechanism that gives hint of diamondene formation.
Arthur B.S. de Santos, Alex M. Manfredi, Cristian A. M. Salla, Giliandro Farias, Edivandro Girotto, Juliana Eccher, Eduard Westphal, Sergio F. Curcio, Thiago Cazati, Ivani Malvestiti, Eduardo H.L. Falcão, Ivan H. Bechtold, and Hugo Gallardo. 2020. “Highly luminescent liquid crystals by connecting 1,3,4-oxadiazole with thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole units.” Journal of Molecular Liquids, Pp. 114887. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The direct bonding between a thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole and two 1,3,4-oxadiazole units allowed us to create a new and versatile rigid core for luminescent liquid crystal, which showed interesting and variable mesomorphic and photophysical properties. From the 5-bis(5-phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole new core, three molecules with different number of alkoxy chains were synthesized and had their properties correlated with the molecular structure. The molecule with two chains showed a smectic C mesophase, while the mesogens with four and six chains presented hexagonal columnar mesomorphism, which was confirmed by POM and XRD measurements. In addition, the molecule with six chains presented liquid crystalline behavior close to room temperature. In solution, the molecules presented strong photoluminescence ranging from blue to yellow, with quantum yields higher than 0.6. Excited state lifetimes allowed to correlate the fluorescence component associated to the different emitting species to the molecular organization in spin coated films. The molecular energy levels, together with thermal stability and possible charge carrier transport due to molecular packing, suggest that these molecules are promising for optoelectronic applications. Overall, this work contributes to the development of the use of thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole in liquid crystals, demonstrating its great efficiency and versatility.
Marina Guimarães Carvalho Machado, Gwenaelle Pound-Lana, Maria Alice de Oliveira, Elisa Gomes Lanna, Márcia Célia Pacheco Fialho, Ana Carolina Ferreira de Brito, Ana Paula Moreira Barboza, Rodrigo Dian Oliveira de Aguiar-Soares, and Vanessa Carla Furtado Mosqueira. 2020. “Labeling PLA-PEG nanocarriers with IR780: physical entrapment versus covalent attachment to polylactide.” Drug Delivery and Translational Research. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Near-infrared fluorescent dyes, such as IR780, are promising theranostics, acting as photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy and in vivo tracers in image-guided diagnosis. This work compared the uptake by macrophage-like cells of IR780 either physically associated or covalently attached to poly(D,L-lactide) (PLA) formulated as polymeric nanocapsules (NC) from a blend of PLA homopolymer and PLA-PEG block copolymer. The physicochemical characterization of both NC was conducted using asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) analysis with static and dynamic light scattering and atomic force microscopy. The interaction of IR780 with serum proteins was evidenced by AF4 with fluorescence detection and flow cytometry in cell uptake studies. The average diameters of NC were around 120 nm and zeta potentials close to -40 mV for all NC. NC uptake by cells in different media and experimental conditions shows significantly lower fluorescence intensities for IR780 covalently linked to PLA and correspondingly low quantitative uptake. Different mechanisms of internalization were evidenced depending on the IR780 type of association to NC. Serum proteins mediate IR780 interaction with cells in a dose-dependent manner. Our results show that non-covalently linked IR780 was released from NC and accumulated in macrophage cells. Oppositely, IR780 conjugated to PLA provides stable association with NC, and its fluorescence is representative of cell uptake of the nanocarrier itself. This work strongly reinforces the importance of covalent attachment of a fluorescence dye such as IR780 to the nanocarrier to study their interaction with cells in vitro and to obtain reliable tracking in image-guided therapy.
Ronaldo J. C. Batista, Rafael F. Dias, Ana P. M. Barboza, Alan B. de Oliveira, Taise M. Manhabosco, Thiago R. Gomes-Silva, Andreij C. Gadellha, Cassiano Rabelo, Luiz G. L. Cançado, Ado Jorio, Hélio Chacham, and Bernardo R. A. Neves. 2020. “Nanomechanics of few-layer materials: do individual layers slide upon folding?.” Beilstein J. Nanotechnol., 11, Pp. 1801–1808.
LÃ\textordmasculinebia G. Nascimento, Suellen A. Lopes, Ayron B. L. Teodolino, KÃ!`tia M. Novack, Ana Paula M. Barboza, Bernardo R. A. Neves, Maria Luiza S. Azevedo, Lucas R. D. Sousa, and Viviane M. R. dos Santos. 2020. “Novel PEG 4000 derivatives and its use in controlled release of drug indomethacin.” QuÃ\-mica Nova, 43, Pp. 685 - 691. Publisher's Version
Geovani Resende, Guilherme Ribeiro, Orlando Silveira, Jessica Lemos, Juliana Caldeira Brant, Daniel Rhodes, Luis Balicas, Mauricio Terrones, Mario SC Mazzoni, Cristiano Fantini, Bruno R. Carvalho, and Marcos A Pimenta. 2020. “Origin of the complex Raman tensor elements in single-layer triclinic ReSe2.” 2D Materials. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Low symmetry 2D materials offer an alternative for the fabrication of optoelectronic devices which are sensitive to light polarization. The investigation of electron-phonon interactions in these materials is essential since they affect the electrical conductivity. Raman scattering probes light-matter and electron-phonon interactions, and their anisotropies are described by the Raman tensor. The tensor elements can have complex values, but the origin of this behavior in 2D materials is not yet well established. In this work, we studied a single-layer triclinic ReSe2 by angle-dependent polarized Raman spectroscopy. The obtained values of the Raman tensor elements for each mode can be understood by considering a new coordinate system, which determines the physical origin of the complex nature of the Raman tensor elements. Our results are explained in terms of anisotropy of the electron-phonon coupling relevant to the engineering of new optoelectronic devices based on low-symmetry 2D materials.
Alan Souza, Matheus JS Matos, and Mario SC Mazzoni. 2020. “Oxidation-driven formation of precisely ordered antimonene nanoribbons.” Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The control of geometric structure is a key aspect in the interplay between theoretical predictions and experimental realization in the science and applications of nanomaterials. This is particularly important in one-dimensional structures such as nanoribbons, in which the edge morphology dictates most of the electronic behavior in low energy scale. In the present work we demonstrate by means of first principles calculations that the oxidation of few-layer antimonene may lead to an atomic restructuring with formation of ordered multilayer zig-zag nanoribbons. The widths are uniquely determined by the number of layers of the initial structure, allowing the synthesis of ultranarrow ribbons and chains. We also show that the process may be extended to other compounds based on group V elements, such as arsenene. The characterization of the electronic structure of the resulting ribbons shows an important effect of stacking on band gaps and on modulation of electronic behavior.
Igor Antoniazzi, Thais Chagas, Matheus J. S. Matos, Lucas A.B. Marçal, Edmar A. Soares, Mário S. C. Mazzoni, Roberto H. Miwa, João Marcelo J. Lopes, Ângelo Malachias, Rogério Magalhães-Paniago, and Myriano H. Oliveira. 2020. “Oxygen intercalated graphene on SiC(0001): Multiphase SiOx layer formation and its influence on graphene electronic properties.” Carbon. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Low-dimensionality materials are highly susceptible to interfaces. Indeed, intercalation of different chemical species in between epitaxial graphene and silicon carbide (SiC), for instance, may decouple the graphene with respect to the substrate due to the conversion of the buffer layer into a graphene layer. O-intercalation is known to release the strain of such 2D material and to lead to the formation of high structural quality AB-stacked bilayer graphene. Nonetheless, this interface transformation concomitantly degrades graphene electronic transport properties. In this work we employed different techniques in order to better understand the structure of the graphene/SiC interface generated by O-intercalation and to elucidate the origin of the poor electronic properties of graphene. Experimental results revealed the formation of a SiO2 rich layer with a defective transition layer in between it and the SiC, which is characterized by the existence of silicon oxycarbide structures. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements revealed an extensive presence of electronic states just around the Fermi level all over the sample surface, which may suppress the charge carriers mobility around this region. According to theoretical calculations, such states are mainly due to the formation of silicon oxicarbides within the interfacial layer.
A. M. A. Faria, M. A. Miranda, G. E. Gonçalves, R.F. Bianchi, A.G.C. Bianchi, C. Cuba, B. R. A. Neves, and E. S. Pinto. 2020. “Partially ordered porous structures on layer-by-layer polyaniline/poly(vinyl sulfate sodium) ultrathin films: Easy fabrication of robust submicroscopic patterning.” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 137, 17, Pp. 48597. Publisher's VersionAbstract
ABSTRACT The use of polyaniline (PANI) as a conductive material has steadily increased in recent years due to its interesting physicochemical properties, low manufacturing cost, and easy processing. This conductive material, associated with the diffraction properties of organized nanostructures in thin films, has excellent application potential in microelectronics and photonic devices. Initially, this work presents improvement routes for the breath figure method (a nanopatterning technique) in polystyrene (PS) films through the control of film deposition parameters and the presence of water in the polymer solution. Such improvements are then extended to the production of PANI nanostructures, in the form of pores, from patterned porous PS films. Consequently, PANI films with a partially ordered pore structure (mean pore diameter of  100 nm) are produced in a facile and easily scalable method. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2020, 137, 48597.
Aline de Souza, William Castro-Borges, Milton Hércules Guerra de Andrade, Yara Cristina de Paiva Maia, Luiz Ricardo Goulart, Elisa Gomes Lanna, Ana Carolina Ferreira de Brito, Ana Paula Moreira Barboza, Vanessa Carla Furtado Mosqueira, and Karina Taciana Santos Rubio. 2020. “PLA-PEG nanospheres decorated with phage display selected peptides as biomarkers for detection of human colorectal adenocarcinoma.” Drug Delivery and Translational Research. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Peptide-mediated targeting to colorectal cancer can increase selectivity and specificity of this cancer diagnosis acting as biomarkers. The present work aimed to select peptides using the phage display technique and associate the peptides with polymeric nanospheres in order to evaluate their cytotoxicity and selectivity during cell interaction with Caco-2 human colon tumor cell line. Two peptides identified by phage display (peptide-1 and peptide-2) were synthesized and exhibited purity higher than 84%. Poly(lactic acid)-block-polyethylene glycol nanospheres were prepared by nanoprecipitation and double emulsion methods in order to load the two peptides. Nanoparticles ranged in size from 114 to 150 nm and peptide encapsulation efficiency varied from 16 to 32%, depending on the methodology. No cytotoxic activity was observed towards Caco-2 tumor cell line, either free or loaded peptides in concentrations up to 3 $μ$M at incubation times of 6 and 24 h, indicating safety as biomarkers. Fluorescein isothiocyanate–labeled peptides allowed evaluating selective interactions with Caco-2 cells, where peptide-1 entrapped in nanospheres showed greater intensity of co-localized cell fluorescence, in comparison to peptide-2. Peptide-1 loaded in nanospheres revealed promising to be investigated in further studies of selectivity with other human colon rectal cells as a potential biomarker.
Giliandro Farias, Cristian A. M. Salla, Renata da Silva Heying, Adailton J Bortoluzzi, Sergio Curcio, Thiago Cazati, Paloma L. dos Santos, Andrew P Monkman, Bernardo de Souza, and IVAN H BECHTOLD. 2020. “Reducing Lifetime in Cu(I) Complexes with Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence and Phosphorescence promoted by Chalcogenolate-Diimine Ligand.” J. Mater. Chem. C, Pp. -. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Luminescent copper(I) complexes have drawn attention due to their promising performance as alternative optoelectronic materials to the well-known heavy transition metals complexes. Herein, we report the synthesis of six luminescent Cu(I) complexes with phosphines and 1,10-phenanthroline-derived ligands with thiadiazole and selenodiazole groups in order to evaluate the effect of heavy atom on their photophysical properties. Steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopy confirmed delayed fluorescence emission via a thermally activated delayed fluorescence mechanism in all cases. The experimental spectroscopic data was analyzed with detailed quantum-chemical calculations. Interestingly, these complexes did not show the expected “heavy atom effect”, that enhances the spin-orbit coupling matrix elements, but nevertheless the addition of the heavier chalcogens contributed to reduce the photoluminescence lifetime to roughly 800 ns, which is the lowest reported so far for such TADF materials.
Laureana Moreira Mota, Daniel Nilson Nunes Nicomedes, Ana Paula Moreira Barboza, Sérgio Luís Lima [de Moraes Ramos], Rebecca Vasconcellos, Nathanael Vieira Medrado, Érika Costa [de Alvarenga], Giovanna Machado, Karyne R.C. Juste, Cláudia Karina [de Vasconcelos], Ariete Righi, Sara Matte Manhabosco, Rodrigo Ribeiro Resende, Ronaldo Junio Campos Batista, Jaqueline [dos Santos Soares], and Taíse Matte Manhabosco. 2020. “Soapstone reinforced hydroxyapatite coatings for biomedical applications.” Surface and Coatings Technology, Pp. 126005. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Mechanical resistant bioactive materials are of high interest for biomedical applications. In this work, we address the improvement in mechanical properties of HA coatings by the addition of a cheap and widely available secondary phase material, the talc from soapstone. The composites hydroxyapatite/talc (HA/talc) were successfully obtained by pulsed electrodeposition and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, corrosion and wear resistance and biocompatibility tests. We found that the addition of talc greatly improves the mechanical properties of coatings (i. e., wear track and friction coefficient in wear tests were significantly diminished) without diminishing corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. Alamar Blue® tests, alkaline phosphatase activity, and collagen production indicate that the biocomposites are biocompatible and talc itself induce bone maturation.