A.K.M. Pinto, J.M. Pontes, Matheus J. S. Matos, Mario S. C. Mazzoni, and S. Azevedo. 2022. “BCN diamondol-like compounds: Stability trends and electronic properties.” Computational Materials Science, 215, Pp. 111737. Publisher's VersionAbstract
In this work we apply first principles calculations to investigate the stability trends of mixed boron, nitrogen and carbon diamondol-like compounds. Several distinct geometric models are tested by varying the stoichiometry and position of boron and nitrogen dopants. We verify the special stability of a complete boron nitride compound – the bonitrol –, and we show that carbon substitutions in the bonitrol structure may also lead to stable systems. The electronic characterization of the resulting compounds indicates a rich phenomenology, with metallic, semimetallic, half-metallic and semiconducting behaviors.
Alexandre M. R. Almeida, Júlio C. Fabris, Mahamadou Hamani Daouda, Richard Kerner, Hermano Velten, and Willian S. Hipólito-Ricaldi. 2022. “Brans–Dicke Unimodular Gravity.” Universe, 8, 8. Publisher's VersionAbstract
We propose a unimodular version of the Brans–Dicke theory designed with a constrained Lagrangian formulation. The resulting field equations are traceless. The vacuum solutions in the cosmological background reproduce the corresponding solutions of the usual Brans–Dicke theory but with a cosmological constant term. A perturbative analysis of the scalar modes is performed and stable and unstable configurations appear, in contrast with the Brans–Dicke case for which only stable configurations occur. On the other hand, tensorial modes in this theory remain the same as in the traditional Brans–Dicke theory.
Tiago Amarante, Thiago H. R. Cunha, Claudio Laudares, Ana P. M. Barboza, Ana Carolina dos Santos, Cintia L. Pereira, Vinicius Ornelas, Bernardo R. A. Neves, Andre S. Ferlauto, and Rodrigo G. Lacerda. 2022. “Carbon nanotube-cellulose ink for rapid liquid identification.” Beilstein Archives.
Fernando Brandão Rodrigues da Silva, Fernando Gabriel Silva Araújo, Fernando Leopoldo von Krüger, Guilherme Jorge Brigolini Silva, Ronaldo Junio Campos Batista, and Ta{\'ıse Matte Manhabosco. 2022. “Characterization of Magnetic Tailings from Phosphate-Ore Processing in Alto Parana{\'ıba.” Materials Research, 25.
Paulo Ricardo Silva da Camargo, Newton Pimentel Ulhôa Barbosa, Antônio Valadão Cardoso, Paulo Santos Assis, and Afonso Pelli. 2022. “Diversity of the benthic macroinvertebrates community in the Volta Grande reservoir, Lower Rio Grande Basin.” Research, Society and Development, 11, 7, Pp. e51711730213. Publisher's Version
Alexandre H. Pinto, Andre E. Nogueira, Cleocir J. Dalmaschio, Iago N. Frigini, Jéssica C. de Almeida, Mateus M. Ferrer, Olivia M. Berengue, Rosana A. Gonçalves, and Vagner R. de Mendonça. 2022. “Doped Tin Dioxide (d-SnO2) and Its Nanostructures: Review of the Theoretical Aspects, Photocatalytic and Biomedical Applications.” Solids, 3, 2, Pp. 327–360. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Nanomaterials based on metal oxides are extensively studied for several applications due to their versatility. Improvements in their performances can be obtained due to specific structural modifications. One possible modification is by doping the crystal structure, which can affect the materials structure and properties, especially in nanosized particles. Electronic features are among the properties that can be modified through the doping process, consequently morphological and optical parameters can also be controlled by this process. In this sense, this review presents some modifications to tin dioxide (SnO2), one the most studied materials, mainly through the doping process and their impact on several properties. The article starts by describing the SnO2 structural features and the computational models used to explain the role of the doping process on these features. Based on those models, some applications of doped SnO2, such as photocatalytic degradation of pollutants, CO2 reduction, and desulfurization of fossil fuels are presented and discussed. Additionally, the review describes many biological applications related to antimicrobial activity for doped SnO2 and its nanostructures. Although most of the examples presented in this article are based on the doped SnO2, it also presents examples related to SnO2 composites with other nanomaterials forming heterojunctions. The metal oxides SnO2, doped-SnO2 and their nanostructures are promising materials, with results reported in many fields presented in this review, such as theoretical and computational chemistry, environmental remediation, nanoparticle morphology control, fossil fuels improvement, and biomedical applications. Although widely explored, there are still fields for innovation and advances with tin dioxide nanostructures, for example, in transparent conducting oxides, in forensics as materials for latent fingerprints visualization, and sensors in medicine for detection of exhaled volatile organic compounds. Therefore, this article aims to be a reference regarding correlating the doping processes and the properties presented by the SnO2 nanostructures.
Júlia C. Peixoto, André E. Nogueira, Anderson Dias, Juliana A. Torres, Jean C. da Cruz, Caue Ribeiro, and Kisla P.F. Siqueira. 2022. “Experimental evaluation of the activity and selectivity of pure MnWO4 and doped with rare earth ions in the CO2 photoreduction process.” Materials Research Bulletin, 153, Pp. 111912. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The reduction of CO2 to produce useful carbon compounds offers a way to manage the emissions from various industrial sectors. However, selecting efficient systems remain a crucial issue, especially considering the low selectivity of the photocatalysts traditionally used in CO2 photoreduction processes. Here we demonstrate that the modification of MnWO4 with rare earth ions (Europium and Terbium) synthesized by the coprecipitation method can tune the activity and selectivity of the products formed in the process of CO2 photoreduction under UV irradiation. The CO2 photoreduction assays indicated that the photocatalysts presented good activity, resulting in acetate, acetone, acetic acid, ethanol, methane, and methanol products. Doping provided selectivity near 100% for CO2 conversion to methanol and increased the capacity of C2 (e.g., ethanol) production, opening the way for a better understanding of the activity and selectivity of tungstates in the CO2 photoreduction process.
Juliana A. Gonçalves, Osmar F.P. dos Santos, Ronaldo J. C. Batista, and Sérgio Azevedo. 2022. “First-principle investigation of silicon carbide nanosheets fluorination: Stability trends, electronic, optical and magnetic properties.” Chemical Physics Letters, 787, Pp. 139266. Publisher's VersionAbstract
We employed first-principles calculations to investigate the fluorination of silicon carbide nanosheets. We found that the Si atoms are the energetically favorable adsorption sites for F atoms in silicon carbide nanosheets in all studied cases. The strain caused by the fourfold coordinated Si atoms in the flat SiC nanosheet determines the relative position of the adsorbed F atoms: occupying nearest-neighbor Si sites if they bound sheet’s opposing sides or away from each other if they are on the same side of the sheet. The fluorinated nanosheets’ electronic and magnetic properties are weakly dependent on which side of the sheet the F atoms bind; however, they are strongly dependent on the relative distance between them. For F atoms adsorbed on nearest-neighbor Si sites, the system is a small gap p-type semiconductor with 1 μB per adsorbed atom. On the other hand, if F atoms do not occupy nearest-neighbor Si sites, the system is a metal with 1/2 μB per adsorbed atom. The adsorption of F atoms strongly affects the optical properties of SiC sheets inducing optical anisotropy regarding the direction of the incidence of light.
Gustavo A Ferrari, Helio Chacham, Alan B de Oliveira, Matheus JS Matos, Ronaldo JC Batista, Leonel M Meireles, Ana Paula M Barboza, Ive Silvestre, Bernardo RA Neves, and Rodrigo G Lacerda. 2022. “Graphene nanoencapsulation action at an air/lipid interface.” Journal of Materials Science, 57, 11, Pp. 6223–6232.
Ana Barbara Batista, Michael Stanley, Ana Carolina Ferreira de Brito, Rebecca Vasconcellos, Michele Munk, Mário José-Bueno, Cristina Godoy, Érika Costa de Alvarenga, Cláudia Karina Barbosa de Vasconcelos, Ariete Righi, Edésia M.B. de Sousa, Alan Barros de Oliveira, Ronaldo Junio Campos Batista, Jaqueline Santos dos Soares, Bernardo Ruegger Almeida Neves, Ana Paula Moreira Barbosa, and Taíse Matte Manhabosco. 2022. “Improved bioceramic coatings reinforced by nanostructured talc.” Surface and Coatings Technology, 441, Pp. 128589. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Nano-talc was successfully incorporated in the hydroxyapatite matrix via pulsed electrodeposition after being obtained using an eco-friendly liquid-phase exfoliation process. Scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, corrosion and wear resistance, and cytocompatibility tests were used to characterize the biocomposite ceramics. Talc significantly improves the nanomechanical and wear properties of bioceramics (i.e., higher stiffness, reduced friction coefficient, and lower wear damage) as well as corrosion resistance. Talc does not induce cytotoxic activity in in vitro cells and may induce bone maturation as per biocompatibility tests.
Tatiane Roquete Amparo, Anne Cherem Peixoto Silva, Janaina Brandão Seibert, Débora Santos dos da Silva, Viviane Martins Rebello dos Santos, Paula Melo Abreu de Vieira, Geraldo Célio Brandão, Gustavo Henrique Bianco de Souza, and Bianca Aloise Maneira Corrêa Santos. 2022. “In vitro and in silico investigation of the photoprotective and antioxidant potential of Protium spruceanum leaves and its main flavonoids.” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Pp. 114037. Publisher's VersionAbstract
For the first time, the photoprotective potential (UV absorption and antioxidant properties) of Protium spruceanum leaves and its main flavonoids was investigated combining an in vitro and in silico approach. The extract was standardized in rutin content (0.8% w/w), quantified by a validated HPLC-DAD method. The extract protected fibroblasts and keratinocytes against cell death in the stress oxidative H2O2-induced test, with greater effect than rutin standard. This cytoprotection is correlated to the free radical scavenging action, determined by DPPH method. The theoretical investigation on the UV absorption showed an excellent correlation of the results (R2 = 0.911) allowing valuable information about the photoprotective properties of rutin, afzelin and quercitrin, as the importance of the A, B and C rings in the UV absorption property and the hydroxyls in B ring (catechol group) leading to a better antioxidant action. Therefore, the extract from P. spruceanum leaves is a promising candidate for sunscreen development.
Bárbara L. T. Rosa, Kazunori Fujisawa, Joyce C. C. Santos, Tianyi Zhang, Matheus J. S. Matos, Frederico B. Sousa, Tiago C. Barbosa, Lucas Lafeta, Sérgio L. L. M. Ramos, Bruno R. Carvalho, Helio Chacham, Bernardo R. A. Neves, Mauricio Terrones, and Leandro M. Malard. 2022. “Investigation of spatially localized defects in synthetic $\mathrmWS_2$ monolayers.” Phys. Rev. B, 106, Pp. 115301. Publisher's Version
Júlio C. Fabris, Marcelo H. Alvarenga, Mahamadou Hamani-Daouda, and Hermano Velten. 2022. “Nonconservative unimodular gravity: a viable cosmological scenario?.” The European Physical Journal C, 82, 6, Pp. 522. Publisher's VersionAbstract
In this work we review the issue of imposing the conservation of the energy–momentum tensor as a necessary condition to recover the equivalence between the unimodular gravity and General Relativity (GR) equipped with a cosmological constant. This procedure is usually interpreted as an ad hoc imposition on the unimodular theory's structure. Whereas the consequences of avoiding the conservation of the total energy–momentum tensor has been already introduced in the literature, it has been not widely explored so far. We study an expanding universe sourced by a single effective perfect fluid such that the null divergence of its energy–momentum tensor is not imposed. As we shall show, in this scheme, the unimodular theory has its own conservation equation obtained from the Bianchi identities. We explore the evolution of the homogeneous and isotropic expanding background and show that a viable cosmological scenario exists. Also, we consider scalar perturbations with particular attention given to the gauge issue. We show that contrary to the traditional unimodular theory where the synchronous and longitudinal (newtonian) gauge for cosmological perturbations are not permitted, if the conservation of the energy–momentum is relaxed the scalar perturbations in the synchronous condition survive and present a growing mode behavior. We study therefore a new cosmological scenario in which the dynamics of the universe transits from the radiative phase directly to a accelerated one but allowing thus for structure formation.
Júlio C. Fabris, Marcelo H. Alvarenga, Mahamadou Hamani Daouda, and Hermano Velten. 2022. “Nonconservative Unimodular Gravity: Gravitational Waves.” Symmetry, 14, 1. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Unimodular gravity is characterized by an extra condition with respect to general relativity, i.e., the determinant of the metric is constant. This extra condition leads to a more restricted class of invariance by coordinate transformation: The symmetry properties of unimodular gravity are governed by the transverse diffeomorphisms. Nevertheless, if the conservation of the energy–momentum tensor is imposed in unimodular gravity, the general relativity theory is recovered with an additional integration constant which is associated to the cosmological term Λ. However, if the energy–momentum tensor is not conserved separately, a new geometric structure appears with potentially observational signatures. In this text, we consider the evolution of gravitational waves in a nonconservative unimodular gravity, showing how it differs from the usual signatures in the standard model. As our main result, we verify that gravitational waves in the nonconservative version of unimodular gravity are strongly amplified during the evolution of the universe.
Juliana A. Gonçalves, Osmar F.P. dos Santos, Ronaldo J. C. Batista, and Sérgio Azevedo. 2022. “Optical properties of boron nitride nanoribbons with reconstruted edges.” Solid State Communications, Pp. 114627. Publisher's VersionAbstract
In this work, we employ first-principles calculations to investigate the optical properties of boron nitride nanoribbons with reconstructed edges. We found that because of the presence of homopolar B-B and N-N bonds in the edges, such nanoribbons, unlike boron nitride nanotubes, absorb light and have non-null optical conductivity in the visible and infrared range. The stoichiometry and distribution of the homopolar bonds in the edges change the absorption, reflectance, refraction index, and optical conductivity of nanoribbons, which may allow the tuning of those properties. Regarding the absorption in the infrared and visible range, the nanoribbons with B excess are almost unaffected by the direction of light incidence. On the other hand, the direction of light incidence strongly affects the intensity of the absorption peaks of nanoribbons with N excess in the region. At ultraviolet and above non-cylindrical geometry of the ribbons with the homopolar bonds at the edges also lead to a dependence of the optical properties with the direction of light incidence.
Eunice Omwoyo, Humberto Belich, Júlio C Fabris, and Hermano Velten. 2022. “Remarks on the black hole shadows in Kerr-de Sitter space times.” The European Physical Journal C, 82, 5, Pp. 1–17.
Caroline S. B. Weber, Aline Tavares, Bruno Bercini de Araújo, Rebeca O. Costa, Taise M. Manhabosco, Bruna B. Postacchini, André A. Vieira, Thiago Cazati, and Aloir A. Merlo. 2022. “Rod-shaped cyanoacrylic derivatives with D-π-A architecture: synthesis, thermal, photophysical and theoretical studies.” Liquid Crystals, Pp. 1-11. Publisher's Version
Juliana A. Torres, Jean C. da Cruz, André E. Nogueira, Gelson T.S.T. da Silva, Jéssica A. de Oliveira, and Caue Ribeiro. 2022. “Role of Cu0-TiO2 interaction in catalyst stability in CO2 photoreduction process.” Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 10, 2, Pp. 107291. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The application of copper-based semiconductors for CO2 photoreduction has been limited by the poor stability of these catalysts in aqueous solutions due to parallel oxidation reactions. Thus, here we discussed the role of the Cu0-TiO2 interaction in catalyst stability, where the semiconductor acts as a charge separator and support for Cu0. Cu0 nanoparticles were deposited on the surface of TiO2 by reducing copper nitrate using a sodium borohydride solution. The metallic copper presents a higher selectivity in CO production (82.32%), while pure TiO2 presents a selectivity for CH4 (62.44%). However, with the heterostructure formation, the photocatalysts activity increases and the selectivity changes with copper amount variation over TiO2. In addition to the obtained C1 products (CH4, CO, and CH3OH), products containing two or more carbons (C2+) were also generated, such as acetic acid (C2H4O2), acetone (C3H6O), and isopropanol (C3H8O). H2 was also produced, although the selectivity for products derived from the photoreduction of CO2 was significantly greater. The sample TiO2/Cu 30% was significantly stable, which indicated the importance of an adequate heterojunction in the catalyst activity. These results demonstrate the synergistic effect between different copper species over TiO2, in which both materials play a role in the catalytic event.
Raquel Emy Fazolo, Luca Amendola, and Hermano Velten. 2022. “Skewness as a test of dark energy perturbations.” Phys. Rev. D, 105, Pp. 103521. Publisher's Version
Alcides Castro e Silva, Américo Tristão Bernardes, Eduardo Augusto Gonçalves Barbosa, Igor Aparecido Santana das Chagas, Wesley Dáttilo, Alexandre Barbosa Reis, and Sérvio Pontes Ribeiro. 2022. “Successive Pandemic Waves with Different Virulent Strains and the Effects of Vaccination for SARS-CoV-2.” Vaccines, 10, 3. Publisher's VersionAbstract
One hundred years after the flu pandemic of 1918, the world faces an outbreak of a new severe acute respiratory syndrome, caused by a novel coronavirus. With a high transmissibility, the pandemic has spread worldwide, creating a scenario of devastation in many countries. By the middle of 2021, about 3% of the world population had been infected and more than 4 million people had died. Different from the H1N1 pandemic, which had a deadly wave and ceased, the new disease is maintained by successive waves, mainly produced by new virus variants and the small number of vaccinated people. In the present work, we create a version of the SIR model using the spatial localization of persons, their movements, and considering social isolation probabilities. We discuss the effects of virus variants, and the role of vaccination rate in the pandemic dynamics. We show that, unless a global vaccination is implemented, we will have continuous waves of infections.